The Gulf War – post experiences

The Gulf War had ended almost a decade ago, and memories of the atrocities committed were still fresh in people’s minds. With the influence of the brutal Taliban forces in Afghanistan increasing, the newly elected US President, George W. Bush, announced his plans to send seventeen thousand troops to the war-torn country. This decision followed … Read more

Continuous professional development (CPD) for midwifery

Introduction: Continuous professional development (CPD) is an essential component of midwifery practice (Nursing and Midwifery Council (NMC), 2015), which encourages midwives to improve their practice in line with evidence based research. CPD can be facilitated using a personal development plan (PDP). A PDP, enables the midwife to identify their learning needs, plan how to meet … Read more

Spondylolisthesis – treatment

While surgical treatment of spondylolisthesis is often suggested, conservative treatment such as physiotherapy and bracing can serve as an alternative treatment option. A total of eight studies evaluated physiotherapy and bracing as conservative treatment option for spondylolisthesis. Specifically, the conservative approach to treating spondylolisthesis focuses on physiotherapy to strengthen muscles of the core and back, … Read more

Prosposal: Efficacy of semantic feature analysis treatment on functional communication in adults with fluent aphasia due to stroke

This is a draft dissertation/thesis proposal. Abstract Introduction Anomia is a common symptom of aphasia after stroke. This affects a person’s naming ability, which can have a serious impact on everyday communication and socialization with family, friends and society. Purpose The purpose of this study is to examine the efficacy of semantic feature analysis treatment … Read more

Body system responses to exercise

Heart Rate Resting heart rate averages 60 to 80 beats per minute in healthy adults. In inactive, middle aged individuals it may reach as high as 100 beats per minute. In elite endurance athletes there heart rates as low as 28 to 40 beats per minute. Before exercise begins heart rate increases in anticipation. This … Read more

Epidural anaesthesia

Epidural anaesthesia is the most commonly used technique for providing perioperative surgical anaesthesia and postoperative analgesia in lower limb orthopaedic surgeries. Early postoperative mobilization with minimal pain is the most desirable feature in modern orthopaedic surgeries.[1] Bupivacaine, levobupivacaine, and ropivacaine are commonly used local anaesthetic (LA) agents for epidural block and provide good quality of … Read more

Drug interactions with digoxin

Abstract : Drug interactions with digoxin are important because of this agent’s narrow therapeutic index. Among the drugs that can diminish digoxin bioavailability are cholestyramine, antacid gels, kaolin-peetate, certain antimicrobial drugs and cancer chemotherapeutic agents. Also rifampin, an antibiotic utilized as a part of the treatment of tuberculosis, may lower steady state serum digoxin levels … Read more

Cost of Pharmaceuticals

(Draft) Throughout the years, the United States has experienced a disparity in the prices paid for pharmaceuticals when compared to the rest of the world. In a study conducted in 2011, the United States comprised 45% of pharmaceutical profits while the remaining countries made up the a total of 55% (True cost). The increasing cost … Read more

Childhood obesity

DEFINITION: Obesity occurs when more calories are consumed than are expended over time. Children < 2 years age: Obesity is defined based on weight for length for children <2 years age. The sex-specific weight for supine length ≥97.7th percentile on the World Health Organization (WHO) charts (1) is defined as Obesity. Children > 2 years: … Read more

The Dangers of Marijuana

Marijuana is one of the most commonly used drugs in the world today. Used for fun and getting away from problems in life, it is getting more and more popular among today’s millennials. What most people do not know is that for every action comes an equal or opposite reaction. Much too often people view … Read more

Distal Biceps tendon ruptures

# INTRODUCTION Distal Biceps tendon ruptures still remain challenging to diagnose in clinical practice for many physicians. Especially diagnosing if it is complete or partial distal biceps tear in clinical setting in some cases is still difficult even for many experienced clinicians. Doing that without having proper imaging like Ultrasonography or MRI is even more … Read more

Utilization of the various instrumentation available in the ability to effectively arrest or recover periodontal disease processes.

The proper use of periodontal instrumentation is the ability to adequately remove calculus and arrest or recover a patient’s periodontal disease and is an essential function of a dental hygienist. There is an increasing variety of instrument types available for dental hygienists to perform this task. These instruments range from traditional manual hand scaling, ultrasonic … Read more


ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Dysfunctional uterine bleeding constitutes a considerable problem for many women causing discomfort and decreased quality of life. About 10-15% of women experience episodes of DUB at sometime during the reproductive years of their lives. Annually 5-19% of women seek medical care. It accounts for more than 25% of all hysterectomies. A wide range … Read more

Compare the clinical outcome of transcatheter device closure of ventricular septal defect

Evolving technology in the interventional techniques has now made the transcatheter closure of anatomically selected ventricular septal defects feasible with satisfactory results and low morbidity rates10. In most centers, the procedure is approached using antegrade or transvenous method by creating an arteriovenous guide wire loop; which is the standard technique for transcatheter VSD device closure. … Read more


Each cancer and tumor type is unique as is the individual in which it develops. Some cancers do not respond to established cancer treatments, such as chemotherapy or radiation therapy, because tumor cells have developed ways to evade the immune system by taking advantage of peripheral tolerance. Recent advances in immunotherapy have given rise to … Read more


Lupus denotes the scientific illness occurring when the immune systems of an individual attack its own organs and tissues. This leads to inflammation that affects the body. The inflammation attained from lupus could affect numerous different body parts comprising blood cells, joints, brain, skin, lungs, heart, and kidneys. Lupus can be complex to treat as … Read more

Breast cancer

Imagine your life getting impacted by a disease that is going to change up your whole life in a negative way. Not knowing how the outcome is going to be. Going to the doctor after feeling the big lump forming on your left breast and the doctor tells, “You have Breast Cancer…”Breast Cancer is the … Read more

Active birth

Fundamentally, Active birth is a woman’s choice to move freely and adopt any position that she instinctively feels appropriate and to aid her general comfort. Despite the fact that women have adopted more up- right positions during labour for thousands of years, since the advent of modern medical practice post-renaissance, the majority of women labour … Read more

Borderline Personality Disorder

INTRODUCTION This case study involves a 31-year old woman, Jodie, who exhibits the classic symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder (BPD). She suffers from intense bouts of anger and feelings of emptiness which have severely impacted the relationships in her life. While she doesn’t know why she acts the way she does, she has come to … Read more

Homelessness – palliative care

Introduction Whether we like to admit it or not, homelessness is a prevalent issue within our Canadian society. According to statistics Canada, approximately 13% of the Canadian population earns what is considered a ‘low-income’ salary and estimates 150,000-300,000 Canadians experience homeless annually per year (retrieved from Homelessness is a state where an individual or … Read more

How to write a health essay


Understanding how to write a health essay starts with understanding the question being asked. Only after understanding the question can you conduct thorough and specific research and structure your arguments properly.

The research, which should largely be from peer reviewed journals, is followed by the writing proper. In your senior education experience there will be different questions for health essays but their responses should follow the same structure. The conventional structure is one with the Introduction, the Body and the Conclusion. After completing the first draft, its arguments should be refined. Then you put such finishing touches as the formatting structures in order. And before you hand in your paper make sure it is not plagiarised; that is well-referenced and is original.

Below is a guide on how to write a health essay and if you follow these guidelines you give yourself a better chance at getting the grade you are hoping for:

Understand the essay question

An understanding of the question being asked is the beginning of writing a successful health essay. Get the question that is being asked, wrong, and it does not matter how well you elucidate your arguments, the essay will be wrong. With this in mind, take as much time as you can to understand the question being asked. Pester your instructor for clarification; consult your dictionary for the precise meaning of those deceptive terms. Understanding the question being asked will help you develop a seamless structure for your essay. It will also demonstrate the direction you need to take when reading for your essay.

Research from Peer-reviewed Journals

Researching your health essay will be as time-consuming as writing it. You should comb through the mounds of research sources with a fine tooth comb. Choosing from the different sources is a research skill that needs to be cultivated as much as choosing the right words for your essay. At your disposal is your school library with all that it contains: both electronic and print; newspapers, magazines, encyclopaedias and health surveys.

You are also not restricted from contacting professional organizations and healthcare institutions. The list is wide and varied. Unless you have been prompted by your tutor to conduct interviews and surveys, you need to avoid health institutions and other professional bodies. Concentrate on non-empirical research materials.

For non-empirical/theoretical research it is advisable to use peer-reviewed journals. This helps you to directly evaluate research that bears on your research topic. Research on peer-reviewed journals is preferred to duplicating opinions and summaries from the textbooks and internet sources. Peer reviewed journals are the platforms where scientific debates take place. It is therefore a highly valuable skill to be able to disseminate findings from such authoritative platforms. It also goes a long way to demonstrate your understanding of the question in the essay. To access peer reviewed journals online you can visit such electronic databases like MEDLINE and PUBMED.

Structure your essay; introduction, body, conclusion

Different essay questions will invariably follow a similar structure. A conventional health essay should have the introduction, the main body and the conclusion.

The Introduction

The introduction should have an overview of what you plan to include in your paper. In addition, it should also indicate your plan on how to articulate your arguments.

The Body

The overview and how you plan to go about your arguments will be reflected in the main body. The arguments presented in the main body should be coherent and flow seamlessly from one to the other. The paragraphs should be written in such a manner that they naturally flow from one paragraph to the next.

The Conclusion

The conclusion contains a sum up of all that has been discussed in the main body. Also in the conclusion you can present the message you want your reader to get. Be careful not to go beyond what has been presented in the essay.

Refine your arguments for Coherence and Flow

After writing the first draft, you are supposed to make sure that your essay specifically addresses the question asked. You should also ensure that the arguments flow in a coherent fashion.

Students have employed several ways to ensure that their essay is specific and is coherent. The three most common ways include: leaving the essay for a week or more after writing the first draft before attempting changes; reading the essay aloud to enable judgments on coherence and flow; and diagramming the structure to ensure a logical progression.

Formatting structures for finishing touches

The finishing touches of a health essay have to do with complying with formatting structures set out by your higher education. You need to follow these formatting structures or else you will not impress your tutor and will not get the grades you are hoping for.

Some typical formatting structures include font size and style (size 12 and Times New Roman); margin size which should not go beyond 2cm; line spacing (the essay should either be doubled spaced or 1.5); and you double check if your essay requires footers and headers or not.

Avoid plagiarism by referencing properly

It is academic theft to use sources and not acknowledge its owners. This is called plagiarism. You should always acknowledge the sources you used to formulate your arguments. This can be achieved with proper documentation. Documentation entails proper in-text citation and referencing which is done at the end of the essay. Failure to do this will mean your essay will lack in originality and could get you kicked off of your course. A free plagiarism checker such as javascript:; can help you double check you haven’t accidentally plagiarised.

We hope you gained a lot from reading our free ‘how to write a health essay‘ guide.