Pro-environmental behaviour

Pro-environmental behaviour has become a crucial part of today’s society, it is defined as “behaviour that harms the environment as little as possible, or even benefits the environment” (Steg & Vlek, 2009, p. 1). Due to climate change and ongoing exploitation of natural resources, the importance of humans acting environmentally reasonable has become increasingly vital. … Read more

Governance options in developing sustainable management plan for the Loitokitok area, Kenya

I. Stakeholders There are several stakeholders that we have identified in a case study ‘Multiple methods in the study of driving forces of land use and land cover change’ which influence Farming/Cropping sector. They are the a government in a sphere of establishing policies at local and national levels, Maasai (locals), wild-life managers, migrants, land … Read more

Will Oil and Gas Remain Our Primary Energy Resource in 30-year-time?

Introduction When the pipeline in Titusville, Pennsylvania lined the bore holes to allow deeper drilling in the mid-19th century (, a brand-new industry began. It came at a time when emerging technology created new products from oil. The first commercially viable oil well Titusville, as well as the high demand for kerosene, triggered an oil … Read more

Relationship between humans and the environment

Argument Paper Increasing evidences showing that the environmental relationship between human and the environment is becoming closer and more complicated. The design of the environment and space affects people’s daily life and experience. The author Amos Rapoport, a famous designer, said that “The man-environment interaction is thus crucially linked by perception and cognition and this, … Read more

Industrial Pollution

Industrial pollution, especially heavy metal emission from the coal industry has negatively impacting our environment since the Industrial Revolution, and we still cannot see an end to it. Coal industry is one of the biggest sources of industrial pollution, such as the fossil fuel power plant. Increase in industrial pollution emitted into our environment has … Read more

Increasing Energy Access to Close The Energy Gap

The United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development includes Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 7 which seeks to ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all people. Developing states often do not have the means to sustainably develop renewable resources and are often forced to maintain the use of conventional energies including coal … Read more

Different Zones in Bangladesh

1. The Shelf Zone: The stable shelf zone occupies the northwestern part of Bangladesh and is composed of the Pre-Cambrian Indian platform. The area is characterized by limited to moderate thickness of sedimentary rocks above a Precambrian igneous and metamorphic basement. This unit is geologically stable that has not been affected by fold movement with … Read more

Analyze thermal & moisture performance of sustainable insulation materials

Research aim and objectives Both heating and cooling of buildings, in order to achieve thermal comfort levels, result in high demands of energy and expenses. Thus, depending on the climate prerequisites, people tend to use insulation building materials so as to reduce the energy loss through the fabric. At the same time, insulation materials play … Read more


The need to keep the world safe and a better place for the continuous existence of humanity cannot be overemphasized. This responsibility is the main focus for the formation and establishment of the UN. 2. 1. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE UNITED NATION: In 1899, an International Peace Conference was held in The Hague to elaborate … Read more

Is the Formation of Newly Constructed Eco-Cities the Sustainable Future?

Rationale Throughout the dissertation it is going to discuss the effects of new “eco-cities” and how they will change the world into a more sustainable place. The definition of an eco-city is; “An Eco-city is a human settlement modelled on the self-sustaining resilient structure and function of natural ecosystems. An eco-city seeks to provide healthy … Read more

Concept of integrated water management and decision support

Introduction The topic of this essay is to relate the concept of integrated water management and decision support to an example of my country, including an example of how decisions are actually made. About 71% of earth surface is water covered, the ocean holds 95% of earth’s water ( yet there is not enough water … Read more

Climate change

Climate change refers to long term conspicuous deviation from usual prevalent climate bringing variation in normal temperature, rainfall and atmospheric circulation with abnormal expression in extreme climate such as floods, droughts, extreme temperatures etc. can be termed as climate change (Ghadekar et al, 2001). India produces about 24 million tonnes of potato from 1.32 million … Read more

Effects of Fluoride Pollution

Abstract An estimated 200 million people from 29 countries including India are severely affected due to fluoride pollution. Ingestion of fluoride beyond the WHO recommended permissible level (1.5 mg/l) is associated with dental and skeletal fluorosis and other toxic responses while inadequate intake of fluoride is associated with dental caries. Natural weathering of various minerals … Read more